Categorified Option Pricing Theory
One of the bedrocks of mathematical finance is the Black-Scholes equation. This equation helps to evaluate the fair price of stock options and involves stochastic calculus.
The Black-Scholes equation can be mapped to the Schrodinger equation. I have a writeup somewhere (or maybe on some forum somewhere) showing the details, but it is fairly straightforward to work it out. The analogy I want to point out is that the Black-Scholes equation can be thought of as modeling the dynamics of “point prices” just as the Schrodinger equation models the dynamics of “point particles”.
There are two primary financial instruments that populate any traditional portfolio: stocks and bonds. Stocks are described by a “point price” and hence stock options are governed by the Black-Scholes equation. Bonds are more complicated because there is no 0-dimensional “point price” for bonds. Bonds depends on a 1-dimensional “price curve”. There are models to describe the dynamics of 1-d “price curves”, but nothing has had quite the impact that the original Black-Scholes model did.
It might sound silly, but just as string dynamics seems to relate to a categorification of point particle dynamics as described here, I suspect one could develop a bond option pricing theory (for “price curves”) based on a categorification of the Black-Scholes equation (for “point prices”).
The above content was first posted as a comment over on the n-Category Cafe, but wanted to reproduce it here as well.