Petrodollars and the reversal of the savings glut
An interesting article from the WSJ:
Now, I am an admitted amateur when it comes to macroeconomics and asset management. I did have a pretty fantastic immersion in the subjects for two years, but realistically, what can you learn in two years when you are starting from basically zero? Not much. But I’m continuing to learn and be fascinated by them.
I’ve learned enough at this point though that I can start to be irritating by voicing my amateurish opinions. One of my amateurish opinions was that a “fight to quality” may not include the typical safe haven, i.e. US treasuries. Of course I got scoffed at and had raw vegetables thrown at me for being so hysterical. I’ve written about it here so far
I’ve also talked about a possible reversal of the oil savings glut here:
I’ve also pointed to an interesting Times article, US financial watchdog says economy at risk from ‘non-ally’ bondholders here:
Anyway, there is a bit of all of this rolled up into one in the WSJ article above. Here are a few snippets:
The investments he has since pursued put his fund at the forefront of far-reaching change in how the oil wealth of the Persian Gulf is deployed. Instead of mostly U.S. Treasury securities, Kuwait now invests in things like higher-yielding bonds, Chinese office buildings and Asian private-equity funds. And, in a move with implications for the strength of the U.S.’s currency and economy, the Kuwait fund is de-emphasizing holdings priced in dollars.
Mr. Al-Sa’ad learned that Yale was 28% in stocks, 17% in private-equity funds and 20% in real estate at the time. Kuwait was 2.5% in real estate and 1.5% in private-equity funds. The bulk of its money was in U.S. Treasurys. Despite that hoard, the fund had enough losses elsewhere that its returns were negative in 2001 and 2002, Mr. Al-Sa’ad says.
“We must deploy the money in a way to keep Kuwait going when the oil is gone,” Mr. Al-Sa’ad says. “We don’t have the cheap labor of China or the services of Switzerland or the efficiency of Singapore.”
That shift might lower the appetite for low-yielding investments such as the bonds the U.S. government must sell in large numbers to finance its budget and trade deficits. All else being equal, reduced buying of Treasurys and other U.S. securities would tend to weaken the dollar and make U.S. exports more competitive globally, but also burden businesses and consumers in the U.S. by pushing up interest rates.
As Mr. Al-Sa’ad moves away from assets priced in dollars, the euro and the pound sterling, he is moving toward the South Korean won, Malaysian ringgit and Indian rupee. The yen is his least-favorite currency, though, because it’s so volatile. When he was a young trader, he says, he used to get up at 3 a.m. and trade the Japanese currency. “I don’t remember a day I made money trading yen,” he says. “This currency made my hair white.”
Meanwhile, Kuwait’s central bank also has less need to buy U.S. dollars. In June, Kuwait stopped pegging its dinar to the dollar. So Kuwait no longer needs to buy dollars to keep its currency from rising when cash pours in to pay for oil exports. The dinar has appreciated about 2.5% against the dollar since the link was cut.
All very interesting, at least from the perspective of an admitted amateur armchair analyst 🙂